Install GlassFish 3.1 on CentOS or RHEL

Install GlassFish 3.1 on CentOS or RHEL
Published (Last updated 11/01/2013 05:28 AM)
This post will cover installing GlassFish 3.1 on CentOS or RHEL.

We’ll also see how to run GlassFish as a service, how to access the Admin Console, and how to run GlassFish under a minimally privileged user.

GlassFish 3.1 is the latest release and is available as GlassFish Server Open Source Edition 3.1 (free) and Oracle GlassFish Server 3.1 (supported and requires paid subscription).

I installed both using the same process below.

The procedure is the same as with 3.0.1 with some minor changes.

If you do not already have the Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your machine, you will need to download and install the required JDK for your platform.

If you do have the JDK installed, you can skip to: Step 2: Download and Install the GlassFish 3.1 Server:

Step 1: Install the JDK

You can download the JDK here:

I’m using the latest, which is JDK 6, update 24. The JDK is specific to 32 and 64 bit versions.

My CentOS box is 64 bit, so I’ll need: jdk-6u24-linux-x64.bin.

If you are on 32 bit, you’ll need: jdk-6u24-linux-i586.bin

Download the appropriate JDK and save it to a directory. I’m saving it to /root.

Move (mv) or copy (cp) the file to the /opt directory:

Create the directory /usr/java.

Change to the /usr/java directory we created and install the JDK using ‘sh /opt/jdk-6u24-linux-x64.bin’

Set the JAVA_HOME path. This is where we installed the JDK above.

To do this for your current session, you can issue the following:

To set the JAVA_HOME for users, we add this to the user ~/.bashrc or ~/.bash_profile of the user. We can also add it /etc/profile and then source it to give to all users.

Once you have added the above to ~/.bash_profile or ~/.bashrc, you should log out, then log back in and check that the JAVA_HOME is set correctly.

Step 2: Download and Install the GlassFish 3.1 Server:

You can download both the GlassFish Server Open Source Edition 3.1 and Oracle GlassFish Server 3.1 at

Once you have downloaded the desired file, move (mv) or copy (cp) the file to /usr/share/ (or /usr/share/ for Oracle GlassFish).

Change to the /usr/share directory and unzip the file:

The unzip will create the following directory: /usr/share/glassfish3

Note: Both GlassFish editions will create the same directory when unzipped: glassfish3

Step 3: Running GlassFish as a Service.

To run GlassFish as a service and enable start up at boot, we’ll now create a Start/Stop/Restart script.

We’ll create the script as /etc/init.d/glassfish, make the script executable, and then add our new glassfish service to chkconfig.

Create our glassfish script:

If you do not set the JAVA_HOME and PATH in the GlassFish script, when you attempt to start the GlassFish server it will complain it cannot find Java with the following:

error: /usr/share/glassfish3/glassfish/bin/asadmin: line 19: exec: java: not found

Now, make the script executable and add it to our chkconfig so it starts at boot.

We should now be able to Start, Stop, and Restart GlassFish as a service.

Start GlassFish:

Stop GlassFish:

Step 4: Check Homepage.

You should now see the GlassFish default home page at or http://YourIP:8080

If you do not see the home page, check the logs and insure that port 8080 is open and available.

Step 5: Access GlassFish Admin Console.

You should now be able to access the GlassFish Admin Console at: or http://yourip:4848

On accessing the GlassFish Admin Console for the first time, you will find that no user name or password is required.

Previous to 3.1, a default password ‘adminadmin’ was used.

You can set (or change) the admin password within the GlassFish Admin console.

1. Click “Domain” on the tree.

2. Click the Administrator Password tab.

3. Enter and confirm your password and click Save.

4. Note that the “Logout” button now appears at top right.

The first password save will create a file,.asadminpass, in the home directory of the user you are running the service under.

Alternatively, you can set the admin password via the CLI using.

Step 6: Running GlassFish with Minimally Privileged (non-root) User.

Since I am installing this on my development machine, I am running GlassFish as root above.

In production, you will want to run GlassFish as a non-root user with minimal privileges.

To do this, we can need to the following.

1. Create the user, glassfish, who will own the files.

Create the new group, glassfish, and add the user glassfish to the group:

2. Change ownership of the GlassFish files to the user glassfish we created.

We’ll change ownership of the files under /usr/share/glassfish3 from root to the user glassfish we created above:

3. Update our glassfish script.

Finally, we update the glassfish start/stop/restart script we created above so we su to user glassfish:

Step 7: Running GlassFish on Port 80 as Non-Root User.

To run services below port 1024 as user other than root, you will need to use port forwarding.

You can do this by adding the following to your IP tables: